Chapter 1
‘Irish citizenship through birth or descent’,
‘Dishonesty’ over Brexit fuelled loyalist anger, says Stormont minister, Guardian, 7 April 2021
Brexit: no prime minister could agree to divide with Northern Ireland, May says, Times, 28 February 2018
NI riots: What is behind the violence in Northern Ireland?, BBC News, 14 April 2021
Brexit: Irish Sea border posts ‘delayed by two years’, BBC News, 15 April 2021
Loyalist group withdraws support for Good Friday Agreement, BBC News, 4 March 2021
Divergence, at what cost?, Totis Kotsonis, LSE Blogs, 27 January 2021
La Grande Illusion, Michel Barnier, Gallimard 2021. (Translated into English as My Secret Brexit Diary, Polity, September 2021.)

‘Timeline of key milestones and deadlines in the UK–EU post-Brexit relationship, 2021–28’, Institute for Government
‘Border Operating Model – the new timeline for import controls’, Institute of Export and International Trade
What’s next? A post-Brexit timeline, CBI
The Border with the European Union: Importing and Exporting Goods, Cabinet Office (
Statement by Michael Gove on delaying border controls, 11 March 2021, UK Parliament written statement HCWS841
Trade and Cooperation Agreement, Official Journal of the European Union (

Chapter 2
Brexit: UK salmon exports to EU crash 98%, Yahoo Finance, 22 March 2021
Yorkshire lobster exporter says Brexit costs have forced it to close, Guardian, 8 February 2021
Why Bridlington is the lobster capital of Europe, Yorkshire Post, 13 September 2016
Lights out: Brexit shuts off market for English cheese truckles, Reuters, 2 February 2021
Six months in and UK businesses are still battling with Brexit, Financial Times, 27 June 2021
Brexit: UK cheese firm boss in despair over minister’s export advice, Guardian, 27 March 2021
Covid pandemic masks Brexit impact on UK economy, Financial Times, 1 July 2021
Brexit disruption saw UK goods trade with EU plunge by 23% in first quarter, Independent, 25 May 2021
Brexit Britain WIN! Heinz spends £140m as ketchup production returns to UK after 20 years, Daily Express, 1 June 2021
UK firms plan to shift across Channel after Brexit chaos, Guardian, 30 January 2021
The only Brexit export boom is from UK businesses rushing to Europe, New European, 15 April 2021
Sussex medicines firm takes production line abroad in white van to beat Brexit ban, Guardian, 21 February 2021
Brexit worse than feared, says JD Sports boss, 9 February 2021
Brexit: as half its sales are wiped out, silk firm joins exodus to Europe, Guardian, 14 February 2021
Move to EU to avoid Brexit costs, firms told, Observer, 23 January 2021
Brexit: Dutch warehouse boom as UK firms forced to invest abroad, Guardian, 26 January 2021
UK second to France again for attracting foreign investment in Europe, Guardian, 7 June 2021
UK ‘faces labour shortage’ as Covid and Brexit fuel exodus of overseas workers, Guardian, 17 May 2021
UK employers struggle with worst labour shortage since 1997, Guardian, 8 July 2021
UK meat industry cuts production as Brexit labour shortages bite, Financial Times, 16 June 2021
Britain’s vegetables are rotting in the fields — soon imports will fill the shelves instead, Times, 4 July 2021
Fruit farming on ‘brink of collapse’ as Brexit causes shortage of pickers, Metro, 12 June 2021
‘Quite a challenge’: UK restaurants and pubs face staffing crisis after Brexit, Guardian, 1 May 2021
Hospitality ‘struggling to fill thousands of jobs’, BBC News, 28 May 2021
Michelin-star restaurant stops serving lunch due to lack of staff, BBC News, 22 June 2021
Wetherspoons boss calls for more EU migration as bars and restaurants tackle staff shortage, Telegraph, 1 June 2021
Exodus of EU truckers leaves UK hauliers facing acute driver shortages, Financial Times, 9 May 2021
Britain could face food shortages due to lorry driver crisis, Reuters, 26 June 2021
Supermarket shelves could be empty this summer due to 100,000 lorry driver shortage, Mirror, 26 June 2021
‘We’re weeks away from gaps on the shelves’: Business leaders issue stark warning to PM over food shortages, ITV, 24 June 2021
EU citizens arriving in UK being locked up and expelled, Guardian, 13 May 2021

Chapter 3
Brexit march: Brexit: ‘One million’ protesters demand second referendum as Boris Johnson loses key vote, Independent, 19 October 2019
What UK Thinks (poll tracker), NatCen Social Research,

Chapter 4
Frequently asked questions on EFTA, the EEA, EFTA membership and Brexit,
The European Economic Area (EEA), Switzerland and the North, European Parliament Fact Sheet
EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement: an analytical overview, European Parliamentary Research Service, February 2021
UK–EU future relationship: EU ratification and provisional application, Institute for Government
EU commissioner says the bloc is not trying to steal business from City of London, City AM, 22 June 2021
Brexit: Banks and insurers move £1 trillion of assets from UK to EU, Independent, 16 April 2021
Brexit leaves London fighting for its future as Europe poaches business, CNN, 25 February 2021
Sunak vows to set London free as EU equivalence hopes die, Bloomberg, 1 July 2021

Chapter 5
The end of the Brexit transition period, Institute for Government, March 2021
Visiting the EU, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland or Liechtenstein,
EE brings back EU roaming charges for mobile phone customers from next year, Sky News, 24 June 2021
Taking your pet dog, cat or ferret abroad,
ATA Carnets Explained, London Chamber of Commerce and Industry
UK ‘rejected offer’ of visa-free tours by musicians in EU, despite blaming Brussels for permit blow, Independent, 10 January 2021
EU proposal for visa-free tours by musicians despite Brexit was rejected, No 10 admits, Independent, 14 January 2021
The National Theatre Halts ‘Financially Unviable’ Post-Brexit Europe Tour Plans, PoliticsHome, 17 February 2021

Chapter 6
I’m a Conservative. But it is time to vote with your head as well as your heart, John Major, Guardian, 6 December 2019
Anna Soubry on Conservative policies under Boris Johnson, BBC News, 15 July 2021
Millions in UK face disenfranchisement under voter ID plans, Guardian, 4 July 2021
Electoral Commission to investigate Boris Johnson’s Downing Street flat renovations, 28 April 2021
Parties call for inquiry into Boris Johnson’s ‘failure to be honest’, Guardian, 19 April 2021
Electoral Commission to be stripped of power to prosecute after probe into Boris Johnson’s flat makeover, Independent, 18 June 2021
We lost the Brexit fight – now we must listen to voters, Ed Davey urges Lib Dems, Observer, 26 September 2020
Lib Dems ‘very pro-European’ but ‘not a rejoin party’ – Ed Davey, New European, 18 January 2021

Chapter 7
Europe is leaving a light on for Scotland, SNP,
Tusk: EU would be enthusiastic if Scotland applied to rejoin, Guardian, 2 February 2020
The EU must welcome an independent Scotland, Letters, Guardian, 29 April 2021
Irish reunification, Institute for Government, 18 June 2019
FactFind: How could a border poll happen?, 15 Mar 2021
Poll finds majority favours holding a Border poll in next five years, Irish Times, 24 January 2021

Chapter 8
UK agrees historic trade deal with Australia, Department for International Trade press release,
We’re urging Government to keep promises on trade commission ahead of Australia deal, RSPCA, 20 May 2021
UK-Australia trade deal could complicate post-Brexit solution in Northern Ireland, officials fear, Politico, 15 June 2021
UK and CPTPP nations launch formal negotiations, press release,
Boris approves ‘£200,000,000’ flagship to boost Brexit trade, Metro, 30 May 2021
Liz Truss urged to reconsider trans-Pacific free trade pact, New European, 7 April 2021
Published letter from Emily Thornberry MP to Liz Truss MP, 6 April 2021,
UK applies to join trans-Pacific trade group, Financial Times, 31 January 2021

Gordon Brown says he will not give up fight to reverse Brexit, Guardian, 10 June 2021